The Long-Run and Gender-Equalizing Impacts of School Access: Evidence from the First Indochina War

74 Pages Posted: 28 Aug 2018

See all articles by Hai-Anh Dang

Hai-Anh Dang

World Bank - Development Data Group (DECDG)

Trung xuan Hoang

Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences (VASS)

Ha Thi Hong Nguyen

World Bank

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: June 20, 2018

Abstract

Very few studies currently exist on the long-term impacts of schooling policies in developing countries. This paper examines the impacts -- half a century later -- of a mass education program conducted by the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in the occupied areas during the First Indochina War. Difference-in-difference estimation results suggest that school-age children who were exposed to the program obtained significantly higher levels of education than their peers who were residing in French-occupied areas. The impacts are statistically significant for school-age girls and not for school-age boys. The analysis finds beneficial spillover and inter-generational impacts of education: affected girls enjoyed higher household living standards, had more educated spouses, and raised more educated children. The paper discusses various robustness checks and extensions that support these findings.

Keywords: Educational Sciences, Armed Conflict, Educational Institutions & Facilities, Effective Schools and Teachers, Primary Education

Suggested Citation

Dang, Hai-Anh H. and Hoang, Trung xuan and Nguyen, Ha Thi Hong, The Long-Run and Gender-Equalizing Impacts of School Access: Evidence from the First Indochina War (June 20, 2018). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 8480. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3238314

Hai-Anh H. Dang (Contact Author)

World Bank - Development Data Group (DECDG) ( email )

1818 H. Street, N.W.
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HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/site/haianhhdang/

Trung xuan Hoang

Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences (VASS) ( email )

1 Lieu Glai
Ba Dinh
Hanoi
Vietnam

Ha Thi Hong Nguyen

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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