Improved Cook Stoves for Climate Change Mitigation? Evidence of Values, Preferences and Carbon Savings from a Choice Experiment in Ethiopia

27 Pages Posted: 28 Aug 2018

See all articles by Sahan Dissanayake

Sahan Dissanayake

Colby College - Department of Economics

Abebe Damte Beyene

World Bank

Randall Bluffstone

University of Reading

Zenebe Gebreegziabher

Mekelle University - Department of Economics

Gilbert Kiggundu

World Bank

Shannon H. Kooser

World Bank

Peter Martinsson

Göteborg University - Department of Economics and Statistics

Alemu Mekonnen

Addis Ababa University - Department of Economics

Michael Toman

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Date Written: June 28, 2018

Abstract

This paper investigates household preferences for improved cook stoves using a choice experiment administered in rural Ethiopia, and the cost-effectiveness of an improved stove for reducing global greenhouse gas emissions. In Ethiopia, about 96 percent of household energy demand is fulfilled by biomass. Improved stoves use less firewood and produce less smoke, and they have been touted as a way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and health effects from indoor air pollution, as well as to improve forest conservation. Although there are many studies on the adoption of improved stoves, there is limited information on the willingness to pay for particular attributes of stoves, information that is vital for designing effective stoves and improving stove adoption. The paper finds that households have a positive willingness to pay for the durability, fuelwood use reduction, smoke reduction, and cooking time reduction of improved stoves. It also shows that the stove used in this experiment can be cost-effective for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, which suggests that programs providing payments for reducing greenhouse gas emissions could strengthen stove adoption if they are well implemented. The main reason the stoves are not being adapted is the lack of availability, which is a key message to policy makers.

Keywords: Energy and Mining, Energy and Environment, Energy Demand, Health Care Services Industry, Global Environment, Pollution Management & Control, Air Quality & Clean Air, Brown Issues and Health, Environmental Disasters & Degradation

Suggested Citation

Dissanayake, Sahan and Beyene, Abebe Damte and Bluffstone, Randall and Gebreegziabher, Zenebe and Kiggundu, Gilbert and Kooser, Shannon H. and Martinsson, Peter and Mekonnen, Alemu and Toman, Michael, Improved Cook Stoves for Climate Change Mitigation? Evidence of Values, Preferences and Carbon Savings from a Choice Experiment in Ethiopia (June 28, 2018). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 8499. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3238338

Sahan Dissanayake (Contact Author)

Colby College - Department of Economics ( email )

Waterville, ME 04901
United States

Abebe Damte Beyene

World Bank

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Randall Bluffstone

University of Reading ( email )

Whiteknights
Reading, Berkshire RG6 6AH
United Kingdom

Zenebe Gebreegziabher

Mekelle University - Department of Economics ( email )

Adi Haki Campus
Post Box No. 451
Mekelle
Ethiopia

Gilbert Kiggundu

World Bank

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Shannon H. Kooser

World Bank

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Peter Martinsson

Göteborg University - Department of Economics and Statistics ( email )

Box 640
Vasagatan 1, E-building, floor 5 & 6
Göteborg, 40530
Sweden

Alemu Mekonnen

Addis Ababa University - Department of Economics

Addis Ababa
Ethiopia

Michael Toman

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

1818 H. Street N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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