Joint Effects of Parenting and Nutrition Status on Child Development: Evidence from Rural Cambodia

38 Pages Posted: 28 Aug 2018

See all articles by Jan Lukas Berkes

Jan Lukas Berkes

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin)

Abbie Raikes

World Bank

Adrien Bouguen

Paris School of Economics (PSE)

Deon Filmer

World Bank; World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Date Written: July 12, 2018

Abstract

Substantial work has demonstrated that early nutrition and home environments, including the degree to which children receive cognitive stimulation and emotional support from parents, play a profound role in influencing early childhood development. Yet, less work has documented the joint influences of parenting and nutrition status on child development among children in the preschool years living in low-income countries. Using panel data on parenting, nutrition status, and early developmental outcomes of about 7,000 Cambodian preschool-age children, this paper demonstrates that inequities in early development associated with family wealth are evident at the start of preschool and increase over time. A significant share of these inequalities can be explained by differences in parental stimulation and early nutrition status. Better educated parents engage in better parental activities that stimulate children's development. However, the positive association between parental activities and child outcomes is particularly strong for non-stunted children, and parental activities can only explain about 8-14 percent of the cognitive gap between the lowest and highest wealth quintiles. The results highlight the need for integrated interventions that address both parenting and early nutrition, also suggesting that parenting interventions for the most disadvantaged families should be carefully designed and evaluated to ensure maximum effectiveness.

Keywords: Reproductive Health, Early Childhood Development, Nutrition, Early Child and Children's Health, Children and Youth, Inequality, Health Care Services Industry, Educational Sciences

Suggested Citation

Berkes, Jan Lukas and Raikes, Abbie and Bouguen, Adrien and Filmer, Deon, Joint Effects of Parenting and Nutrition Status on Child Development: Evidence from Rural Cambodia (July 12, 2018). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 8529, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3238372

Jan Lukas Berkes (Contact Author)

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )

Mohrenstra├če 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany

Abbie Raikes

World Bank

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Adrien Bouguen

Paris School of Economics (PSE)

48 Boulevard Jourdan
Paris, 75014 75014
France

Deon Filmer

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

HOME PAGE: http://go.worldbank.org/MRWPOHRQJ0

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

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MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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