Mobility and Congestion in Urban India

64 Pages Posted: 28 Aug 2018

See all articles by Prottoy Aman Akbar

Prottoy Aman Akbar

University of Pittsburgh

Gilles Duranton

University of Pennsylvania - Real Estate Department

Adam Storeygard

Tufts University

Syed Ejaz Ghani

World Bank

Date Written: August 9, 2018


This paper uses a popular web mapping and transportation service to generate information for more than 22 million counterfactual trip instances in 154 large Indian cities. It then develops a methodology to estimate robust indices of mobility for these cities. The estimation allows for an exact decomposition of overall mobility into uncongested mobility and the congestion delays caused by traffic. The paper first documents wide variation in mobility across Indian cities. It then shows that this variation is driven primarily by uncongested mobility. Finally, the paper investigates correlates of mobility and congestion. Denser and more populated cities are slower, in part because of congestion, especially close to their centers. Urban economic development is generally correlated with better uncongested mobility, worse congestion, and overall with better mobility.

Keywords: Transport Services, Crime and Society, International Trade and Trade Rules, Telecommunications Infrastructure

Suggested Citation

Akbar, Prottoy Aman and Duranton, Gilles and Storeygard, Adam and Ghani, Ejaz, Mobility and Congestion in Urban India (August 9, 2018). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 8546, Available at SSRN:

Prottoy Aman Akbar (Contact Author)

University of Pittsburgh

135 N Bellefield Ave
Pittsburgh, PA 15260
United States

Gilles Duranton

University of Pennsylvania - Real Estate Department ( email )

Philadelphia, PA 19104-6330
United States

Adam Storeygard

Tufts University ( email )

Medford, MA 02155
United States

Ejaz Ghani

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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