Heterogeneous Impacts of Main and Feeder Road Improvements: Evidence from Ethiopia

36 Pages Posted: 28 Aug 2018

See all articles by Atsushi Iimi

Atsushi Iimi

International Monetary Fund (IMF); World Bank

Haileyesus Adamtei Mengesha

World Bank Group

James Markland

World Bank

Yetmgeta Asrat

Ethiopian Roads Authority

Kefargachew Kassahun

Ethiopian Roads Authority

Date Written: August 13, 2018

Abstract

Rural access is among the most important infrastructure constraints in rural Africa. Using the results from comprehensive household surveys and other data from Ethiopia, the paper recasts light on the heterogeneous impacts of road accessibility on agriculture and nonagricultural growth. It is found that crop production is increased by major and feeder road improvements. Significant synergy is also found. When investigating further into this effect, there are two impacts: farmers' access to the input market, especially fertilizer, was improved mainly by major corridor improvement. And output market access was improved by feeder road improvement. In addition, the household's nonagricultural income is somehow increased by improved road connectivity. There must be secondary effects. The transport demand function estimated with additional data indicates that as the road network improves, people's mobility increases. Furthermore, local business employment is found to increase with road improvements. To meet the increasing demand for mobility, efficiency and frequency of transport services are important.

Keywords: Transport Services, Climate Change and Agriculture, Crops and Crop Management Systems, Food Security, Inequality, Pest Management

Suggested Citation

Iimi, Atsushi and Mengesha, Haileyesus Adamtei and Markland, James and Asrat, Yetmgeta and Kassahun, Kefargachew, Heterogeneous Impacts of Main and Feeder Road Improvements: Evidence from Ethiopia (August 13, 2018). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 8548. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3238391

Atsushi Iimi (Contact Author)

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Haileyesus Adamtei Mengesha

World Bank Group

10 Marina Boulevard
Marina Bay Financial Center, Tower 2, #34-02
Singapore, DC 018983
Singapore

James Markland

World Bank

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Yetmgeta Asrat

Ethiopian Roads Authority

Ethiopia

Kefargachew Kassahun

Ethiopian Roads Authority

Ethiopia

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