Creating New Positions? Direct and Indirect Effects of a Subsidized Apprenticeship Program

76 Pages Posted: 28 Aug 2018

See all articles by Bruno Crepon

Bruno Crepon

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - National School for Statistical and Economic Administration (ENSAE); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Patrick Premand

World Bank

Date Written: August 20, 2018

Abstract

Evaluations of employment programs usually focus on direct impacts on participants. Yet employment programs can have a range of indirect effects that are rarely quantified. This paper analyzes the impact of a subsidized apprenticeship program offering dual on-the-job and theoretical training in C?te d'Ivoire. The experiment simultaneously randomized whether apprenticeship positions opened by firms were filled by the program, and whether interested youths were assigned to a formal apprenticeship. This design allows for estimating direct impacts on youths and indirect impacts on firms selected to host apprentices. The analysis identifies whether individuals forgo other employment or training opportunities, and whether firms replace other workers with program participants. The share of youths in apprenticeships increased by 52.8 percentage points. This estimate accounts for a significant windfall effect: 26 percent of the formal apprentices who were placed substituted out of traditional apprenticeships. The inflow of apprentices into firms increased significantly, but also induced substitution effects, as firms hired 0.23 fewer traditional apprentices per formal apprentice placed. Overall, the net number of apprenticeship positions created was between 51 and 74 percent of the number of formal apprentices placed. In the short term, impacts on earnings were not significant for youths, but firms benefited from an increase in the net value of work provided by apprentices.

Keywords: Employment and Unemployment, International Trade and Trade Rules, Skills Development and Labor Force Training, Vocational & Technical Education, Vocational Education & Technical Training

Suggested Citation

Crepon, Bruno and Premand, Patrick, Creating New Positions? Direct and Indirect Effects of a Subsidized Apprenticeship Program (August 20, 2018). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 8561. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3238403

Bruno Crepon (Contact Author)

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - National School for Statistical and Economic Administration (ENSAE) ( email )

92245 Malakoff Cedex
France

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Patrick Premand

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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