Power Availability and Reliability of Solar Pico-Grids in Rural Areas: A Case Study from Northern India

Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, Volume 29, Pages 147-154, Forthcoming

20 Pages Posted: 6 Sep 2018

See all articles by Sini Numminen

Sini Numminen

Aalto University - School of Science

Peter Lund

Aalto University School of Science

Semee Yoon

Yonsei University - UIC & Graduate School of International Studies

Johannes Urpelainen

Johns Hopkins SAIS

Date Written: July 6, 2018

Abstract

Solar micro-grids are receiving increasing interest in the electrification in emerging economies. On-site performance studies of these systems have become more important as the global market is being supplied with an ever-greater variety of solar power equipment with inconsistent quality. We studied the reliability of seven small identical low-power DC solar grids installed in real settings in villages in rural northern India. A detailed analysis of measurement data, interviews and field visits over a whole year showed that solar electricity was available to the households for 87% of the time. Along with technical problems, a share of the power shortages was an indirect cause of an illegal behaviour of users. The study draws attention to quality recommendations for energy access for consumers with modest energy needs.

Keywords: Reliability, Power Availability, Solar Micro-Grids, Pico-Grids, India, Frugal Innovation

Suggested Citation

Numminen, Sini and Lund, Peter and Yoon, Semee and Urpelainen, Johannes, Power Availability and Reliability of Solar Pico-Grids in Rural Areas: A Case Study from Northern India (July 6, 2018). Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, Volume 29, Pages 147-154, Forthcoming . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3239114

Sini Numminen (Contact Author)

Aalto University - School of Science ( email )

Otakaari 1
Espoo, FI-00076
Finland

Peter Lund

Aalto University School of Science ( email )

Espoo
Finland

Semee Yoon

Yonsei University - UIC & Graduate School of International Studies ( email )

Seoul

Johannes Urpelainen

Johns Hopkins SAIS ( email )

1740 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036-1984
United States

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