The Role of Plant-Breeding R&D in Tractor Adoptions Among Smallholders in Asia: Insights from Nepal Terai

IFPRI Discussion Paper 1719

53 Pages Posted: 5 Sep 2018

See all articles by Hiroyuki Takeshima

Hiroyuki Takeshima

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Yanyan Liu

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Date Written: April 20, 2018

Abstract

Combining agricultural census data from Nepal from 2001 and 2011 with various spatial agroclimatic data, we show that increase in yield potentials due to the introduction of high-yield technologies (particularly improved seed varieties) plays an important role in smallholders’ tractor adoption in Nepal Terai. We use a novel instrumental variable, agroclimatic similarity between farmers’ and plant breeding institutes’ locations, to instrument the adoption of improved seed varieties. To our knowledge, our study offers the first direct evidence that mechanization growth among smallholders is partly induced by the introduction of high-yield technologies.

Keywords: INDIA, SOUTH ASIA, ASIA, NEPAL, agricultural mechanization, tractors, innovation adoption, smallholders, agricultural censuses, plant breeding, high yielding varieties, agricultural research, evolution, villages, dynamics

Suggested Citation

Takeshima, Hiroyuki and Liu, Yanyan, The Role of Plant-Breeding R&D in Tractor Adoptions Among Smallholders in Asia: Insights from Nepal Terai (April 20, 2018). IFPRI Discussion Paper 1719. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3239639

Hiroyuki Takeshima (Contact Author)

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Yanyan Liu

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

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