Exploring the Consequences of Discrimination and Health for Retirement by Race and Ethnicity: Results from the Health and Retirement Study

CRR WP 2018-6

26 Pages Posted: 13 Sep 2018

See all articles by Ernest Gonzales

Ernest Gonzales

Boston University - School of Social Work (BUSSW)

Yeonjung Lee

Boston University - School of Social Work (BUSSW)

William V. Padula

University of Southern California - Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics; University of Southern California - Department of Pharmaceutical & Health Economics; Johns Hopkins University - Department of Acute & Chronic Care; Monument Analytics

Lindsey Subin Jung

Boston University - School of Social Work (BUSSW)

Date Written: July 2018

Abstract

This paper examines the association of structural discriminatory risk factors and health with retirement age. It uses data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). Critical components of the analysis include ordinary least squares regressions to evaluate associations of discrimination (major lifetime discrimination, neighborhood disadvantage, work discrimination and everyday discrimination) and health with retirement age, while controlling for time, cohort, race, ethnicity, gender, marital status, education, health insurance, income and wealth. Interaction effects explore differences by discrimination and health. Individuals’ ages 51, employed full-time, part-time, or unemployed were drawn from the HRS Leave-Behind Questionnaire in 2006. Approximately half of the sample retired during the observation period 2008-2014. Key limitations are that valid and reliable measures of discrimination were queried only twice during an 8-year period, limiting our understanding of the timing of events as they relate to health and economic outcomes.

Suggested Citation

Gonzales, Ernest and Lee, Yeonjung and Padula, William V. and Padula, William V. and Jung, Lindsey Subin, Exploring the Consequences of Discrimination and Health for Retirement by Race and Ethnicity: Results from the Health and Retirement Study (July 2018). CRR WP 2018-6, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3240735 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3240735

Ernest Gonzales

Boston University - School of Social Work (BUSSW) ( email )

United States

Yeonjung Lee

Boston University - School of Social Work (BUSSW) ( email )

United States

William V. Padula

University of Southern California - Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics ( email )

635 Downey Way
Los Angeles, CA 90089-3333
United States

University of Southern California - Department of Pharmaceutical & Health Economics ( email )

Los Angeles, CA
United States

Johns Hopkins University - Department of Acute & Chronic Care ( email )

Baltimore, MD
United States

Monument Analytics ( email )

Baltimore, MD
United States

Lindsey Subin Jung (Contact Author)

Boston University - School of Social Work (BUSSW) ( email )

United States

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
42
Abstract Views
314
PlumX Metrics