Comparative Perspective on Modernisation and Institutionalism
In: S.J. Baek, ed. The Political Economy of Neo-Modernisation: Rethinking the Dynamics of Technology, Development and Inequality. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, pp.65-82
Posted: 22 Sep 2018
Date Written: July 24, 2018
A newly emerged normative development idea of sustainability has been evolving, which was institutionalised by the UN in 2015, and which strongly reinforced, as an exogenous factor, all the responsible and accountable governments and other society actors within a country. In this context, understanding the importance of how this is institutionalised (endogenised) into society well deserves careful analysis. However, literature investigating such endogenising process within a country has received relatively less attention particularly in the context of normative force of sustainability. Therefore, this chapter is designed to explore why countries respond to external force (e.g., sustainability and technological innovation) differently and how the endogenous process affects such response. These two conceptual curiosities are addressed by in-depth theoretical analysis of competitive political economy and institutionalism in the process of development.
Keywords: Sustainability, Technology, Varieties of Capitalism, Institutionalism, Endogenous Process
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