NAFTA Chapter 19 Revisited: Red Line or Bargaining Chip?

18 Pages Posted: 12 Sep 2018

See all articles by Dan Ciuriak

Dan Ciuriak

Ciuriak Consulting Inc.; C.D. Howe Institute; Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI); BKP Development Research & Consulting GmbH; Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada

Date Written: September 2, 2018


Establishing disciplines on the US trade remedy measures was in the view of Canadian policymakers the single most important demand that Canada tabled in the free trade negotiations with the United States leading up to the 1989 Canada-US FTA. The outcome was the Chapter 19 mechanism for binational panel review of anti-dumping and countervailing duty measures. The Chapter 19 measure was carried over into the North American Free Trade Agreement and extended to cover Mexico. The Trump Administration has indicated it is unwilling to continue this mechanism in a renegotiated NAFTA. This note assesses the current value of Chapter 19 for Canada in the context of a renegotiation of the NAFTA with the Trump Administration.

Keywords: NAFTA, CUSFTA, Chapter 19, binational panels, dispute settlement, anti-dumping, countervailing duties, trade remedies

JEL Classification: F13

Suggested Citation

Ciuriak, Dan, NAFTA Chapter 19 Revisited: Red Line or Bargaining Chip? (September 2, 2018). Available at SSRN: or

Dan Ciuriak (Contact Author)

Ciuriak Consulting Inc. ( email )

83 Stewart St.
Ottawa, Ontario K1N 6H9

C.D. Howe Institute ( email )

67 Yonge St., Suite 300
Toronto, Ontario M5E 1J8

Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) ( email )

57 Erb Street West
Waterloo, Ontario N2L 6C2

BKP Development Research & Consulting GmbH ( email )

Romanstrasse 74
M√ľnchen, 80639

Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada ( email )



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