Schooling, Wealth, Risky Sexual Behavior, and Hiv/Aids in Sub-Saharan Africa

33 Pages Posted: 17 Sep 2018 Last revised: 17 Mar 2021

See all articles by Adrienne Lucas

Adrienne Lucas

University of Delaware - Alfred Lerner College of Business and Economics

Nicholas Wilson

Reed College

Date Written: August 2018

Abstract

Economic growth and development have improved human health in many regions, while sub-Saharan Africa continues to lag behind. Economic theory and the existing empirical evidence suggest that development may not generate large reductions in the leading cause of adult mortality in the region, HIV/AIDS, and may increase risky sexual behavior. We examine the association between schooling/material standard of living and HIV risk using data from more than 500,000 respondents in 32 sub-Saharan African countries. The results of our descriptive analysis suggest that the rapid increase in primary school completion without improvements in living standards or secondary school completion might not mitigate HIV transmission.

Suggested Citation

Lucas, Adrienne and Wilson, Nicholas, Schooling, Wealth, Risky Sexual Behavior, and Hiv/Aids in Sub-Saharan Africa (August 2018). NBER Working Paper No. w24962, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3244245

Adrienne Lucas (Contact Author)

University of Delaware - Alfred Lerner College of Business and Economics ( email )

419 Purnell Hall
Newark, DE 19716
United States

Nicholas Wilson

Reed College ( email )

3203 SE Woodstock Blvd.
Portland, OR 97202
United States

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