Sustainable Deployment of Solar Irrigation Pumps: Key Determinants and Strategies
WIREs Energy Environ. 2018; e325. DOI/10.1002/wene.325
22 Pages Posted: 26 Sep 2018
Date Written: March 30, 2015
Provision of energy for irrigation in a sustainable manner has become critical to the global food and livelihood security, particularly in the context of increasing fresh water scarcity and the risks associated with climate change. In this context, solar irrigation pumps (SIPs) have emerged as a promising alternative to diesel and electricity powered pump sets, particularly in developing countries. But, in view of the fiscal, environmental and socio-economic fallouts of past irrigation strategies, how can it be ensured that SIPs are deployed in a sustainable manner?
Based on a detailed literature review and semi-structured interviews of key stakeholders, we identify and discuss 14 factors, which would determine whether the use of SIPs in a given context is economically viable, socially acceptable and environmental sustainable. Drawing from the best practices and experiences in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, we also put forward key recommendations to incorporate sustainability concerns in the policies and programmes for SIPs deployment.
Keywords: Solar irrigation pumps, sustainable irrigation, climate smart agriculture, business models
JEL Classification: Q
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation