Preprints with The Lancet is part of SSRN´s First Look, a place where journals identify content of interest prior to publication. Authors have opted in at submission to The Lancet family of journals to post their preprints on Preprints with The Lancet. The usual SSRN checks and a Lancet-specific check for appropriateness and transparency have been applied. Preprints available here are not Lancet publications or necessarily under review with a Lancet journal. These preprints are early stage research papers that have not been peer-reviewed. The findings should not be used for clinical or public health decision making and should not be presented to a lay audience without highlighting that they are preliminary and have not been peer-reviewed. For more information on this collaboration, see the comments published in The Lancet about the trial period, and our decision to make this a permanent offering, or visit The Lancet´s FAQ page, and for any feedback please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Development and Validation of the LoVI: The Laws on Violence Against Women and Girls Index
25 Pages Posted: 28 Sep 2018More...
Background: Violence against women and girls (VAWG) is a human-rights violation with adverse long-term and inter-generational consequences. Redefining VAWG as legally unacceptable is one strategy for social change. The co-occurrence of national laws against VAWG is understudied, and tools to monitor the national legal environment are lacking. We developed the Laws on Violence against Women and Girls Index (LoVI) to measure comprehensive legislation against child marriage, sexual harassment, domestic violence, and marital rape. 'Comprehensive' required the presence of legislation with definitions for each type of VAWG.
Methods: Using data from 2016 and 2018 for 189 countries in the World Bank Women, Business, and the Law database, we performed exploratory and then confirmatory factor analyses to assess the LoVI as a unidimensional construct. We examined the distribution of the LoVI across countries, regions, and income levels and the relationship of national rankings on the LoVI with those for other indicators.
Findings: A single LoVI factor showed good model fit (CFA: loadings 0·39-0·79, RMSEA=0·01, CFI=1·00, TLI=1·00). On national rankings, the LoVI was positively associated with indicators for gender equality in human development and economic rights, and negatively associated with rates of justifying wife beating and of lifetime and prior-year IPV (especially among lower and higher ranking countries). The LoVI was not associated with national indicators of human development and income inequality.
Interpretation: The LoVI is a concise, coherent, validated index to monitor the progress of nations on adopting comprehensive legislation to advance 2030 Sustainable Development Goal 5, to eliminate VAWG.
Funding Statement: This article is an output of research grant 005-2-RREF1 (PI Kathryn Yount) of the GAGE programme, which is funded by UK Aid from the UK Department for International Development (DFID).
Declaration of Interests: The authors declare no competing interests.
Ethics Approval Statement: Missing
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation