Convergence Analysis of Marine Protected Areas by 104 Countries

Gachon Center of Convergence Research Working Paper Series, 2018-09

36 Pages Posted: 26 Sep 2018

See all articles by Yu Sang Chang

Yu Sang Chang

Gachon University - College of Business and Economics

Hann Earl Kim

Gachon University - College of Business and Economics

Myeong Cheol Choi

Dept. of Global Business, Gachon University

Date Written: September 7, 2018

Abstract

Marine Protected Areas are central to conservation in oceans and seas and serve as protected areas for fish populations. The rapid growth of Marine Protected Areas has been guided by several leading countries in recent years. This research examines whether countries with low level of protection activities in the past have been catching up faster in recent years. If so, how fast is the speed of catch-up. This question is examined for a total group of 104 countries as well as for the seven subgroups defined by income levels and regions. For the total as well as for the subgroups of countries, statistically valid catch-up effects have been determined. However, speed of catch-up varies widely among subgroups of countries. Implication from these findings will be discussed.

Keywords: Marine Protected Areas, Exclusive Economic Zone, Convergence Analysis, σ and γ, Indexes, Speed of Convergence

JEL Classification: Q53, Q56

Suggested Citation

Chang, Yu Sang and Kim, Hann Earl and Choi, Myeong Cheol, Convergence Analysis of Marine Protected Areas by 104 Countries (September 7, 2018). Gachon Center of Convergence Research Working Paper Series, 2018-09, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3245628

Yu Sang Chang (Contact Author)

Gachon University - College of Business and Economics ( email )

Korea

Hann Earl Kim

Gachon University - College of Business and Economics ( email )

Korea

Myeong Cheol Choi

Dept. of Global Business, Gachon University ( email )

1342 Seongnam-daero, Sujeong-gu, Seongnam-si
Seongnam, Gyeinggi-do
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

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