Equalizing the Political Rights of Renters and Homeowners
45 Pages Posted: 28 Sep 2018 Last revised: 14 Oct 2018
Date Written: September 29, 2018
The promise of democracy has not been kept to renters. The First Amendment protects renters and homeowners alike from governmental speech suppression, but neither landlord-tenant law nor civil rights law secures renters’ political rights from landlord interference. Landlords wield enormous power to censor what renters say, limit who they say it with, and even control what they hear — and renters rarely have legal recourse when landlords choose to exercise this power.
This articles analyzes the diminished political rights of renters and proposes new legislation to put renters and homeowners on equal ground. Rather than importing wholesale from First Amendment doctrine or elevating “political ideology” to a protected status, legislatures should enact a Renters Bill of Political Rights that protects renters — and those who wish to speak to renters — from landlord retaliation for their political activities. This approach is the most compatible with existing landlord-tenant law and avoids being underinclusive and overinclusive in the rights it protects. Above all, it enables renters to participate in American democracy without fear that they will lose their home.
Keywords: renter, landlord, tenant, landlord-tenant, free speech, First Amendment, retaliation, eviction, vote, voting, voting rights, civil rights, housing, housing law, renters, rent, freedom of speech, freedom of association, freedom of expression, political rights
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