Unbalanced Sex Ratios in Germany Caused by World War II and Their Effect on Fertility: A Life Cycle Perspective
CentER Discussion Paper Series No. 2018-032
50 Pages Posted: 20 Sep 2018
Date Written: September 10, 2018
This paper analyses long-term effects of highly unbalanced sex ratios in Germany caused by World War II on fertility outcomes over the life cycle. By using Census data linked with individual biography data, we find that a permanent reduction in the number of men delayed women’s first birth. However, the effects crucially depend on at what age fertility of women is evaluated. While women with low sex ratios have fewer children at younger ages, they compensate at later ages. We also find substitution from the extensive towards the intensive margin. Mechanisms are marrying later, accepting lower quality matches and expanding the child-bearing period.
Keywords: Sex ratio, Fertility, Marriage, Life Cycle, World War II
JEL Classification: J10, J12, J13
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation