'We'll Always Have Paris': Out-of-Country Buyers in the Housing Market
46 Pages Posted: 6 Oct 2018 Last revised: 1 May 2020
Date Written: April 30, 2020
Previous research has shown that non-local household investors make sub-optimal asset selection and market timing decisions. However, in real estate markets, heterogeneity in returns can exist even with identical ex ante investment (timing) choices, given that transaction prices are the outcome of a complex search-and-bargaining process. Analyzing notarial data for the Paris housing market, we find that “out-of-country” buyers indeed buy at higher prices and resell at substantially lower prices than local investors, ceteris paribus. Furthermore, our evidence suggests that this pattern is not due to higher search costs and information asymmetries, but instead stems from wealth-related differences in bargaining intensity. Finally, we estimate the causal effect of out-of-country demand shocks on property prices in Paris to be positive but small.
Keywords: foreign home buyers; secondary residences; bargaining; information asymmetries
JEL Classification: R21; R23; R31; D12; G12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation