Housing Bust, Bank Lending & Employment: Evidence from Multimarket Banks
42 Pages Posted: 8 Dec 2019
Date Written: September 13, 2018
Using geographic variation in bank lending, I study how bank real estate losses affected the supply of credit and employment during the Great Recession. Banks exposed to distressed housing markets cut mortgage and small business lending relative to other banks in the same county. This lending contraction had real effects, as counties whose banks were exposed to adverse shocks in other markets suffered employment declines, especially in young firms. This finding is robust to instrumenting for bank exposure to housing shocks using shocks in distant markets, exposure based on historical lending, or exposure to markets with inelastic housing supply.
Keywords: Bank lending, Employment, Financial crisis, Real estate
JEL Classification: E24, E44, G21
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation