Austerity as Violence: Measuring the Effects of Economic Austerity on Pro-Sociality

59 Pages Posted: 14 Sep 2018

See all articles by Nicholas Sambanis

Nicholas Sambanis

Department of Political Science, University of Pennsylvania

Anna Schultz

Duke University

Elena Nikolova

Central European Labour Studies Institute (CELSI); University College London - School of Slavonic and East European Studies; IOS Regensburg

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: September 13, 2018

Abstract

How does economic hardship affect social preferences? Do people feel more solidarity with one another, as often happens after natural disasters? Or does it reduce pro-sociality by making social divisions more salient? We address these questions by analysing the social effects of economic austerity in Greece, where the population experienced several phases of fiscal adjustment during a period of near-constant economic decline between 2010 and 2015. We focus on the effects of joblessness, the most severe outcome of the economic downturn, and find a strong relationship between job loss and a decreased sense of solidarity.

Keywords: Austerity, pro-sociality, solidarity, in-group bias, economic crisis

JEL Classification: F12, F13, F14, F15

Suggested Citation

Sambanis, Nicholas and Schultz, Anna and Nikolova, Elena and Nikolova, Elena, Austerity as Violence: Measuring the Effects of Economic Austerity on Pro-Sociality (September 13, 2018). EBRD Working Paper No. 220, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3249553 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3249553

Nicholas Sambanis (Contact Author)

Department of Political Science, University of Pennsylvania ( email )

Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States

Anna Schultz

Duke University ( email )

100 Fuqua Drive
Durham, NC 27708-0204
United States

Elena Nikolova

University College London - School of Slavonic and East European Studies ( email )

Malet Street
London WC1E 7HU
United Kingdom

Central European Labour Studies Institute (CELSI) ( email )

Zvolensk√° 29
Bratislava, 82109
Slovakia

IOS Regensburg ( email )

Landshuter Str. 4
Regensburg, 93047
Germany

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