Child Sleep and Maternal Labour Market Outcomes

64 Pages Posted: 17 Sep 2018

See all articles by Joan Costa-Font

Joan Costa-Font

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE)

Sarah Fleche

Paris School of Economics (PSE)

Abstract

We show that sleep deprivation exerts strong negative effects on mothers' labour market performance. To isolate exogenous variations in maternal sleep, we exploit unique variations in child sleep disruption using a UK panel dataset that follows mother-child pairs through time. We find that sleeping one hour less per night on average significantly decreases maternal labour force participation, the number of hours worked, and household income. We identify one mechanism driving the effects, namely the influence of maternal sleep on selection into full-time versus part-time work. Increased schedule flexibility for mothers with sufficient tenure mitigates the negative effects of sleep deprivation.

Keywords: child sleep, sleep, maternal employment, working hours, workplace flexibility, ALSPAC

JEL Classification: J13, J22, I18, J28

Suggested Citation

Costa-Font, Joan and Fleche, Sarah, Child Sleep and Maternal Labour Market Outcomes. IZA Discussion Paper No. 11755. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3249869

Joan Costa-Font (Contact Author)

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) ( email )

Houghton Street
London, WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://https://joancostaifont.org/

Sarah Fleche

Paris School of Economics (PSE) ( email )

48 Boulevard Jourdan
Paris, 75014 75014
France

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