A Storm in an IoT Cup: The Emergence of Cyber-Physical Social Machines

14 Pages Posted: 10 Oct 2018

See all articles by Aastha Madaan

Aastha Madaan

Arup

Jason Nurse

University of Kent; University of Oxford

David de Roure

University of Southampton - School of Electronics and Computer Science (ECS)

Kieron O'Hara

University of Southampton

Wendy Hall

University of Southampton

Sadie Creese

University of Oxford

Date Written: September 16, 2018

Abstract

The concept of ‘social machines’ is increasingly being used to characterise various socio-cognitive spaces on the Web. Social machines are human collectives using networked digital technology which initiate real-world processes and activities including human communication, interactions and knowledge creation. As such, they continuously emerge and fade on the Web. The relationship between humans and machines is made more complex by the adoption of Internet of Things (IoT) sensors and devices. The scale, automation, continuous sensing, and actuation capabilities of these devices add an extra dimension to the relationship between humans and machines making it difficult to understand their evolution at either the systemic or the conceptual level. This article describes these new socio-technical systems, which we term Cyber-Physical Social Machines, through different exemplars, and considers the associated challenges of security and privacy.

Keywords: IoT, Cybersecurity, Human factors, Cyber Physical Social Machines

Suggested Citation

Madaan, Aastha and Nurse, Jason and de Roure, David and O'Hara, Kieron and Hall, Wendy and Creese, Sadie, A Storm in an IoT Cup: The Emergence of Cyber-Physical Social Machines (September 16, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3250383 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3250383

Aastha Madaan

Arup ( email )

Jason Nurse

University of Kent ( email )

CT2 7NP
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.cs.kent.ac.uk/people/staff/jrcn/

University of Oxford ( email )

Mansfield Road
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 4AU
United Kingdom

David De Roure

University of Southampton - School of Electronics and Computer Science (ECS) ( email )

University Road
Southampton
United Kingdom

Kieron O'Hara (Contact Author)

University of Southampton ( email )

University Rd.
Southampton SO17 1BJ, Hampshire SO17 1LP
United Kingdom

Wendy Hall

University of Southampton ( email )

University Rd.
Southampton SO17 1BJ, Hampshire SO17 1LP
United Kingdom

Sadie Creese

University of Oxford ( email )

Mansfield Road
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 4AU
United Kingdom

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