50 Pages Posted: 9 Oct 2018 Last revised: 28 Apr 2019
Date Written: April 10, 2019
We study the effect of portfolio similarity among investors on their decision to roll over funding to a security issuer. Using detailed security level holdings of U.S. Money Market Mutual Funds (MMFs), we construct a novel measure of portfolio similarity among institutional investors (i.e. MMFs) who are exposed to the same security issuer. Consistent with correlated liquidity needs of more similar investors, the similarity of a fund to other investors in a security issuer increases joint liquidation costs for the security. Among funds investing in the same issuer at the same time, we find that the funds reducing their exposure to the issuer are the most similar funds. At the issuer level, the average similarity of the funds investing in an issuer predicts the issuer's total funding flows in the next period. In other words, issuers cannot substitute this loss in funds from similar investors, particularly during crises, and are thus exposed to greater funding liquidity risk.
Keywords: institutional investors, liquidity risk, wholesale funding
JEL Classification: G1, G21
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation