Is Rapid Urbanisation Exacerbating Wealth-Related Urban Inequalities in Child Nutritional Status? Evidence from Least Developed Countries

22 Pages Posted: 18 Sep 2018

See all articles by Sylvia Szabo

Sylvia Szabo

University of Southampton

Sabu Padmadas

University of Southampton

Jane Falkingham

University of Southampton - Southampton Statistical Sciences Research Institute (S3RI)

Date Written: July 2017

Abstract

Limited evidence exists regarding the extent of wealth-related urban inequalities in nutritional outcomes presumably attributable to the rapid pace of urbanisation. The present study has four inter-related objectives. First, it investigates whether there is a difference in the extent of wealth-related urban inequalities between the most rapidly and less rapidly urbanising countries and whether and to what degree parents’ education exacerbates these inequalities. Furthermore, the study examines the nature and strength of the associations between mother’s socio-economic status and child nutrition and between low birth weight and child nutrition in the selected countries. Data are drawn from the recent Demographic and Health Surveys conducted during 2005–2011. The analysis considered inequality measures, such as concentration indices and concentration curves, and logistic regression modelling. Results show significant inequalities in children’s nutritional outcomes, and that these inequalities are greater in the most rapidly urbanising countries and exacerbated by parents’ poor education. The results further confirm that mother’s socio-economic status and child birth weight are significantly associated with child nutritional outcomes, albeit the former are particularly important in the most rapidly urbanising LDCs. The findings call for a renewed focus on inclusive urban development in poorest countries.

Keywords: urbanisation, inequalities, child nutrition, least developed countries

Suggested Citation

Szabo, Sylvia and Padmadas, Sabu and Falkingham, Jane, Is Rapid Urbanisation Exacerbating Wealth-Related Urban Inequalities in Child Nutritional Status? Evidence from Least Developed Countries (July 2017). The European Journal of Development Research, Vol. 30, Issue 4, 2017. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3251228 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/s41287-017-0089-0

Sylvia Szabo (Contact Author)

University of Southampton ( email )

University Rd.
Southampton SO17 1BJ, Hampshire SO17 1LP
United Kingdom

Sabu Padmadas

University of Southampton ( email )

University Rd.
Southampton SO17 1BJ, Hampshire SO17 1LP
United Kingdom

Jane Falkingham

University of Southampton - Southampton Statistical Sciences Research Institute (S3RI) ( email )

Southampton SO17 1BJ
United Kingdom

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