Android and Forking Restrictions: On the Hidden Closedness of 'Open'

Market and Competition Law Review, 2018, Forthcoming

22 Pages Posted: 11 Oct 2018

Date Written: September 18, 2018


The Google Android Decision was announced by the European Commission on 18 July 2018. The Commission found that three restrictions related to Android and Android apps that Google imposed on mobile device manufacturers and network operators infringed Article 102 TFEU. These restrictions, according to the Commission, “have enabled Google to use Android as a vehicle to cement the dominance of its search engine.”

The Android Decision is not yet public. The prohibition of Google’s tying practices on the Android platform has already attracted significant attention by early commentators, also due to the proximity to other high profile antitrust cases. Against the backdrop of the still limited information available, the Paper proposes some first reflections on another conduct prohibited by the Android Decision, namely Google’s forking restriction imposed on device manufacturers.

Suggested Citation

Vezzoso, Simonetta, Android and Forking Restrictions: On the Hidden Closedness of 'Open' (September 18, 2018). Market and Competition Law Review, 2018, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: or

Simonetta Vezzoso (Contact Author)

University of Trento ( email )

Via Giuseppe Verdi 26
Trento, Trento 38152

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