Going Bankrupt in China

32 Pages Posted: 21 Sep 2018 Last revised: 24 Nov 2018

Date Written: September 17, 2018

Abstract

This paper investigates how legal reforms affect credit markets by studying the introduction of courts specialized in bankruptcy in China. We construct a new case-level dataset on corporate bankruptcy filings and exploit the staggered introduction of specialized courts across Chinese provinces. Specialized courts are run by bankruptcy professionals that are less likely to be under the influence of local governments. We find that provinces that introduced specialized courts experienced an increase in liquidations of state-owned firms, faster resolution of SOE-related cases, and a decrease in the share of zombie firms (low productivity firms kept in business by preferential credit lines). State-owned firms operating under specialized courts experienced a decrease in the size of new bank loans, lower access to new loans, and lower investment in physical capital. These results highlight how limiting government intervention can fasten insolvency resolution, and have important policy implications in light of the recent increase in insolvency that followed China's debt boom.

Keywords: Financial Distress, Local Government, Court Efficiency

JEL Classification: G33, G34, K22

Suggested Citation

Li, Bo and Ponticelli, Jacopo, Going Bankrupt in China (September 17, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3251570 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3251570

Bo Li

Tsinghua University - PBC School of Finance ( email )

No. 43, Chengdu Road
Haidian District
Beijing 100083
China
+86 10-627982146 (Phone)

Jacopo Ponticelli (Contact Author)

Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management ( email )

2211 Campus Dr
Evanston, IL 60208
United States

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.kellogg.northwestern.edu/faculty/ponticelli/index.html

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