Global Climate Constitutionalism and Justice in the Courts
Global Climate Constitutionalism, Forthcoming
16 Pages Posted: 10 Oct 2018
Date Written: September 18, 2018
This chapter explores developments at the boundary between environmental constitutionalism and climate justice. We see two trends. First, a growing group of countries now expressly address climate change in their constitutions. Second, courts from diverse parts of the world are recognizing that governmental inaction in the face of climate change can abridge a right to a healthy climate as implied by an express constitutional right to life, dignity or due process, or the right to a healthy environment. These trends are likely reflective of an emerging worldwide phase in constitutional litigation.
Part II conceptualizes and contextualizes what has come to called ‘climate justice,’ that is, the social and economic consequences of the disproportionate effect of climate change. Part III details the extent to which countries have adopted express constitutional means to address governmental inaction about climate change. Part IV then reports on how courts have engaged these and associated provisions. We conclude that climate constitutionalism has significant potential for shaping how the rule of law can contribute to climate justice, especially at the domestic level.
Keywords: environmental law, constitutional law, environmental constitutionalism, climate justice, climate change
JEL Classification: K32, K10
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation