Culturally Clustered or in the Cloud? How Amenities Drive Firm Location Decision in Berlin
31 Pages Posted: 20 Sep 2018
Date Written: September 2018
Creative firms are neither capital‐ nor land‐intensive in production. They predominantly rely on creative and specialized labor and, assuming a strong competition for workers, are therefore increasingly dependent on the location of their (potential) employees. If these creative and highly qualified employees are attracted by consumption amenities such as bars, clubs, and restaurants, then it follows that these same amenities may determine the location of creative service firms. I investigate this hypothesis by examining whether Berlin Internet start‐up firms locate in urban amenity‐rich places. Identification builds on the fall of the Berlin Wall. A 1 percent increase in amenity density raises the probability of a start‐up location by almost 2 percent. A comparison with other service industries suggests that amenities are significant to the location choice of creative sectors, whereas no effect can be observed for nonreative firms.
Keywords: Berlin, consumer city, creative class, creative firms, firm location, Internet start‐ups, urban amenities
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation