Does the Species Protection Index for 198 Countries Converge Over Time?

Eco. Env. & Cons. 27 (3) : 2021; pp. (1003-1019)

17 Pages Posted: 12 Oct 2018 Last revised: 6 May 2022

See all articles by Yu Sang Chang

Yu Sang Chang

Gachon University - College of Business and Economics

Myeong Cheol Choi

Dept. of Global Business, Gachon University

Hann Earl Kim

Gachon University - College of Business and Economics

Date Written: September 20, 2018

Abstract

Sustainable Development Goals adopted by The United Nations seek to protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species by 2020. Several countries even in the 1990s began expanding species protection to reach the 2020 goal early. This research investigates whether countries with low level of species protection efforts in the early years have been catching up faster in recent year. If so, how fast is the speed of catch-ups? We used a total of 198 countries during the period of 1990 to 2015. For the total as well as for the ten subgroups of countries, statistically valid catch-up effects have been discovered. However, speed of catch-up varies widely among the subgroups. Implications from these findings will be discussed.

Keywords: Species Protection Indicator, PSPU, PSPW, Convergence Analysis, and Indexes, Speed of Catch-Up

JEL Classification: Q53, Q56

Suggested Citation

Chang, Yu Sang and Choi, Myeong Cheol and Kim, Hann Earl, Does the Species Protection Index for 198 Countries Converge Over Time? (September 20, 2018). Eco. Env. & Cons. 27 (3) : 2021; pp. (1003-1019), Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3252341 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3252341

Yu Sang Chang (Contact Author)

Gachon University - College of Business and Economics ( email )

Korea

Myeong Cheol Choi

Dept. of Global Business, Gachon University ( email )

1342 Seongnam-daero, Sujeong-gu, Seongnam-si
Seongnam, Gyeinggi-do
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Hann Earl Kim

Gachon University - College of Business and Economics ( email )

Korea

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
43
Abstract Views
438
PlumX Metrics