Exporting Pollution: Where Do Multinational Firms Emit CO2?
Charles A. Dice Working Paper No. 2018-20
52 Pages Posted: 22 Sep 2018 Last revised: 31 Oct 2019
Date Written: October 30, 2019
Despite awareness of the detrimental impact of CO2 pollution on the world climate, countries vary widely in how they design and enforce environmental laws. Using novel micro data about firms’ CO2 emissions across countries, we document that firms headquartered in countries with strict environmental policies perform their polluting activities abroad in countries with relatively weaker policies. These effects are stronger for firms in pollution-intensive industries and firms with poor corporate governance characteristics. Although firms with domestic strict environmental policies are more likely to export pollution to foreign countries, they nevertheless emit less overall CO2 globally.
Keywords: Pollution, Production, Climate Change, CO2 Emission, Environmental Regulation
JEL Classification: F23, N50, O13, P18, Q56, R11
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation