Does Premature Deindustrialization Matter? The Role of Manufacturing Versus Services in Development
28 Pages Posted: 21 Sep 2018 Last revised: 22 Sep 2018
Date Written: September 20, 2018
The shares of manufacturing in value added and employment across a range of developing economies peaked at lower levels of per capita income compared with their high-income, early-industrializer precursors. Based on the statistical analysis of input-output tables and firm-level data, the paper contributes to the discussion on whether this "premature deindustrialization" matters by showing that: a) the premature declining share of the manufacturing sector is largely not driven by a statistical artifice whereby what was earlier subsumed in manufacturing value added is now accounted for as service sector contributions; b) Some features of manufacturing that were thought of as uniquely special for development, such as scale economies, exports, and innovation, are increasingly shared by services sector firms. Yet, a given service subsector is unlikely to provide opportunities for productivity growth and job creation for unskilled labor simultaneously; c) Some high-productivity services serve final demand or derive demand from several sectors, while others are more closely linked to a manufacturing base.
Keywords: Textiles, Apparel & Leather Industry, Business Cycles and Stabilization Policies, General Manufacturing, Construction Industry, Common Carriers Industry, Food & Beverage Industry, Plastics & Rubber Industry, Pulp & Paper Industry, International Trade and Trade Rules, Transport Services, Public Sector Administrative and Civil Service Reform, Public Sector Administrative & Civil Service Reform, Economics and Finance of Public Institution Development, De Facto Governments, Democratic Government, Trade and Services
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