Macroeconomic Policies and Transmission Dynamics in India
50 Pages Posted: 13 Oct 2018
Date Written: September 14, 2018
Against the backdrop of the move to an inflation targeting monetary policy framework beginning 2014 with consumer price index (CPI) inflation as the nominal anchor, this paper revisits monetary transmission dynamics. Rather than confining to the typical three equation New Keynesian model, this paper assesses transmission in a broader, disaggregated model incorporating external sector, fiscal policy, banking sector and financial market variables to capture the interactions among key macroeconomic policies and macroeconomic aggregates. The empirical analysis confirms the role of monetary policy in containing demand and inflationary pressures. In view of the ongoing structural reforms, deregulation and opening up of the Indian economy, as well as ongoing initiatives in the monetary policy operating framework to improve the efficacy of monetary transmission, the transmission dynamics can be expected to evolve over time.
Keywords: Bank Credit, Bond Yields, Capital Flows, Current Account, Exchange Rate, Fiscal Policy, India, IS curve, Monetary Policy, Monetary Transmission, Phillips Curve, Structural Econometric Model
JEL Classification: C30, C53, E31, E32, E43, E52, E58, E63, F31, F32, F41, G12, G21
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