Behavioral Heterogeneity in Return Expectations across Equity Style Portfolios
Revised version forthcoming in International Review of Finance
35 Pages Posted: 16 Oct 2018 Last revised: 11 Jun 2020
Date Written: September 24, 2018
We estimate a heterogeneous agent model on five prominent equity investment styles - value, size, profitability, investment, and momentum - and find evidence for behavioral heterogeneity in expected return formation. Our model features two groups of boundedly rational investors, fundamentalists and chartists, whose demand functions for the investment styles depend on their respective expected style return forecasts. The fundamentalists form return expectations using a model based on time-varying stock-level characteristics and dynamic factor premia, and the chartists do so based on heuristics commonly employed by technical analysts, such as moving average rules. Our results cast doubt on the theories that assume perfect rationality of the representative agent in financial markets, and give support to the behavioral theories with heterogeneous agents.
Keywords: behavioral finance, heterogeneous agent models, style investing, asset pricing
JEL Classification: G11, G12, G14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation