Peace Above the Glass Ceiling: The Historical Relationship Between Female Political Empowerment and Civil Conflict

46 Pages Posted: 26 Sep 2018

See all articles by Sirianne Dahlum

Sirianne Dahlum

University of Oslo - Department of Political Science

Tore Wig

University of Oslo

Date Written: September 2018

Abstract

This paper investigates whether female political empowerment is conducive to civil peace, drawing on global data on female political empowerment over a 200 year period, from the Varieties of Democracy database. We augment previous research by expanding the temporal scope, looking at a novel inventory of female empowerment measures, attending to reverse-causality and omitted variable issues, and separating between relevant causal mechanisms. We find a strong link between female political empowerment and civil peace, which is particularly pronounced in the 20th century. When studying mechanisms, we find that this relationship is driven both by women's political participation and the culture that conduces it. To draw causal inferences, we estimate instrumental variable models and perform causal sensitivity tests. This is the strongest evidence to date that there is a robust link between female political empowerment and civil peace, stemming from both institutional and cultural mechanisms.

Suggested Citation

Dahlum, Sirianne and Wig, Tore, Peace Above the Glass Ceiling: The Historical Relationship Between Female Political Empowerment and Civil Conflict (September 2018). V-Dem Working Paper 2018:77. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3255504 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3255504

Sirianne Dahlum (Contact Author)

University of Oslo - Department of Political Science

Moltke Moesvei 31
Olso, 0851
Norway

Tore Wig

University of Oslo ( email )

PO Box 6706 St Olavs plass
Oslo, N-0317
Norway

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