Banking in a Steady State of Low Growth and Interest Rates

38 Pages Posted: 1 Oct 2018

See all articles by Qianying Chen

Qianying Chen

International Monetary Fund (IMF) - Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Mitsuru Katagiri

Bank of Japan

Jay Surti

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Date Written: August 2018

Abstract

A prolonged low-interest-rate environment presents a significant challenge to banks and is likely to entail major changes to their business models over the long-run. Lower returns to maturity transformation in the face of flatter yield curves and an inability to offer deposit rates significantly below zero combine to compress bank earnings in this environment. Smaller, deposit-funded, less diversified banks are hurt most, increasing consolidation pressures and reach-for-yield incentives, presenting new financial stability challenges. To the extent that such an economic environment reflects a new, steady-state with lower equilibrium growth driven by population aging and slower productivity growth, lower credit demand is likely to drive banking toward provision of fee-based, utility services.

Keywords: Banking, Interest rates, Balance sheets, Profits, Economic growth, Growth, Low-for-Long, Prolonged Low Interest Rates, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), Firm Performance: Size, Diversification, and Scope

JEL Classification: E43, E52, G21, G32, L11, L22, L25

Suggested Citation

Chen, Qianying and Katagiri, Mitsuru and Surti, Jay, Banking in a Steady State of Low Growth and Interest Rates (August 2018). IMF Working Paper No. 18/192. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3257358

Qianying Chen (Contact Author)

International Monetary Fund (IMF) - Monetary and Capital Markets Department ( email )

United States
1-202-623-6633 (Phone)

Mitsuru Katagiri

Bank of Japan ( email )

2-1-1 Nihonbashi-Hongokucho,Chuo-ku
Tokyo
Japan

HOME PAGE: http://www.boj.or.jp/en/about/index.htm/

Jay Surti

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

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