Ethnic Pluralism, Immigration, and Entrepreneurship

40 Pages Posted: 25 Oct 2018

See all articles by Tomasz Mickiewicz

Tomasz Mickiewicz

Aston University - Aston Business School

Mark Hart

Aston University - Aston Business School

Frederick Nyakudya

Nottingham Trent University

Nicholas Theodorakopoulos

Aston University - Aston Business School

Date Written: October 2, 2018

Abstract

We consider the effects of immigration and ethnicity on entrepreneurship, distinguishing between the individual traits and the environmental characteristics. We look beyond the resource-opportunity framework and occupational choice: culture and values matter. Yet, instead of assigning the latter to specific ethnic features, we relate them to both immigration, and to the social environment defined by the share of immigrants, and by ethnic diversity. Empirical evidence we provide is based on Global Entrepreneurship Monitor UK data, 2003-2013. Having more immigrants in the locality enhances entrepreneurship. With increase in ethnic diversity, the likelihood of being engaged in start-up activity decreases, then increases.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Migration, Ethnicity, Diversity, United Kingdom, Global Entrepreneurship Monitor

JEL Classification: F22, J15, J61, L26, R23

Suggested Citation

Mickiewicz, Tomasz Marek and Hart, Mark and Nyakudya, Frederick and Theodorakopoulos, Nicholas, Ethnic Pluralism, Immigration, and Entrepreneurship (October 2, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3259188 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3259188

Tomasz Marek Mickiewicz (Contact Author)

Aston University - Aston Business School ( email )

Aston Triangle
Birmingham, B47ET
United Kingdom

Mark Hart

Aston University - Aston Business School ( email )

Aston Triangle
Birmingham, B47ET
United Kingdom

Frederick Nyakudya

Nottingham Trent University ( email )

Burton Street
Nottingham NG1 4BU, NG1 4LN
United Kingdom

Nicholas Theodorakopoulos

Aston University - Aston Business School ( email )

Aston Triangle
Birmingham, B47ET
United Kingdom

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
6
Abstract Views
142
PlumX Metrics