Enhancing Perceived Safety in Human–Robot Collaborative Construction Using Immersive Virtual Environments

Automation in Construction, Volume 96, December 2018, Pages 161-170

HEC Paris Research Paper No. MOSI-2018-1308

41 Pages Posted: 25 Oct 2018 Last revised: 25 Mar 2019

See all articles by Sangseok You

Sangseok You

HEC Paris

Jeong-Hwan Kim

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

SangHyun Lee

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor

Vineet Kamat

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Lionel Robert

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - School of Information

Date Written: September 12, 2018

Abstract

Advances in robotics now permit humans to work collaboratively with robots. However, humans often feel unsafe working alongside robots. Our knowledge of how to help humans overcome this issue is limited by two challenges. One, it is difficult, expensive and time-consuming to prototype robots and set up various work situations needed to conduct studies in this area. Two, we lack strong theoretical models to predict and explain perceived safety and its influence on human–robot work collaboration (HRWC). To address these issues, we introduce the Robot Acceptance Safety Model (RASM) and employ immersive virtual environments (IVEs) to examine perceived safety of working on tasks alongside a robot. Results from a between-subjects experiment done in an IVE show that separation of work areas between robots and humans increases perceived safety by promoting team identification and trust in the robot. In addition, the more participants felt it was safe to work with the robot, the more willing they were to work alongside the robot in the future.

Keywords: Human–Robot Work Collaboration (HRWC); Immersive Virtual;Environment (IVE); Robot Acceptance Safety Model (RASM); Masonry; Safety; Trust; Team; Identification; Intention to Work with Robot

Suggested Citation

You, Sangseok and Kim, Jeong-Hwan and Lee, SangHyun and Kamat, Vineet and Robert, Lionel, Enhancing Perceived Safety in Human–Robot Collaborative Construction Using Immersive Virtual Environments (September 12, 2018). Automation in Construction, Volume 96, December 2018, Pages 161-170; HEC Paris Research Paper No. MOSI-2018-1308. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3260634 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3260634

Sangseok You (Contact Author)

HEC Paris ( email )

1, rue de la Liberation
Jouy en Josas, 78351
France
+330139679526 (Phone)

Jeong-Hwan Kim

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering ( email )

2350 Hayward Street
2340 GG Brown Building
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2125
United States

SangHyun Lee

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor ( email )

500 S. State Street
Ann Arbor, MI 48109
United States

Vineet Kamat

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering ( email )

2350 Hayward Street
2340 GG Brown Building
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2125
United States

Lionel Robert

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - School of Information ( email )

4388 North Quad
105 South State Street
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1092
United States

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.si.umich.edu/people/lionel-robert

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