Authorship in the Age of Machine learning and Artificial Intelligence

In: Sean M. O'Connor (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Music Law and Policy, Oxford University Press, 2019 (Forthcoming)

Centre for International Intellectual Property Studies (CEIPI) Research Paper No. 2018-10

25 Pages Posted: 5 Oct 2018 Last revised: 25 Oct 2018

See all articles by Jean-Marc Deltorn

Jean-Marc Deltorn

University of Strasbourg, Centre for International Intellectual Property Studies (CEIPI), Students

Franck Macrez

Université de Strasbourg - CEIPI

Date Written: August 1, 2018

Abstract

New generations of algorithmic tools have recently become available to artists. Based on the latest development in the field of machine learning - the theoretical framework driving the current surge in artificial intelligence applications -, and relying on access to unprecedented amounts of both computational power and data, these technological intermediaries are opening the way to unexpected forms of creation. Instead of depending on a set of man-made rules to produce novel artworks, generative processes can be automatically learnt from a corpus of training examples. Musical features can be extracted and encoded in a statistical model with no or minimal human input and be later used to produce original compositions, from baroque polyphony to jazz improvisations. The advent of such creative tools, and the corollary vanishing presence of the human in the creative pipeline, raises a number of fundamental questions in terms of copyright protection. Assuming AI generated compositions are protected by copyright, who is the author when the machine contributes to the creative process? And, what are the minimal requirements to be rewarded with authorship?

Keywords: artificial intelligence, musical creations, authorship, copyright issues

Suggested Citation

Deltorn, Jean-Marc and Macrez, Franck, Authorship in the Age of Machine learning and Artificial Intelligence (August 1, 2018). In: Sean M. O'Connor (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Music Law and Policy, Oxford University Press, 2019 (Forthcoming) ; Centre for International Intellectual Property Studies (CEIPI) Research Paper No. 2018-10. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3261329 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3261329

Jean-Marc Deltorn (Contact Author)

University of Strasbourg, Centre for International Intellectual Property Studies (CEIPI), Students ( email )

Strasbourg
France

Franck Macrez

Université de Strasbourg - CEIPI ( email )

11 fue de Marechal Juin
BP68
Strasbourg
France

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