Female Leadership and Bank Risk-Taking: Evidence from the Effects of Real Estate Shocks on Bank Lending Performance and Default Risk
49 Pages Posted: 2 Nov 2018 Last revised: 4 May 2020
Date Written: September 18, 2019
This paper examines whether banks with female Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) and chairpersons of the board are associated with better lending performance and lower default risk when faced with severe real estate price shocks. Using a large panel of U.S. commercial banks, we document that female-led banks with high real estate exposure are associated with lower loan charge-offs and lower non-accrual loans relative to similar male-led banks. Furthermore, our empirical findings indicate that female-led banks with high real estate exposure have lower default risk and are less likely to fail in the aftermath of real estate price shocks. However, we find no evidence of superior lending performance or reduced default risk for female-led banks which are not exposed to severe real estate price shocks through high levels of real estate lending.
Keywords: Female CEOs, Chairwomen, Lending Performance, Loan Losses, Default Risk, Bank Failures, Real Estate Shocks
JEL Classification: G01, G21, G30, G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation