Capital Gains Taxation and Funding for Start-Ups
56 Pages Posted: 4 Nov 2018
Date Written: October 12, 2018
We examine how capital gains taxes affect investment in start-up (i.e., pre-IPO) firms. Using data on capital raised by start-up firms in individual funding rounds, we estimate the effect of the SBJA of 2010, which implemented a full exemption from federal capital gains tax on the sale of qualified shares. Because of higher expected after-tax returns (lower future capital gains taxes), we hypothesize and find evidence consistent with this capital gains tax reduction increasing the amount of investment in start-up firms per funding round by about 12%. We also provide evidence that this effect is concentrated in start-up firms that are likely to be more financially sophisticated.
Keywords: Capital Gains Taxes, Start-Ups, Tax Capitalization
JEL Classification: M13, G24, H25
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation