Marriage Market Responses in the Wake of a Natural Disaster in India

33 Pages Posted: 5 Nov 2018 Last revised: 7 May 2019

See all articles by Shreyasee Das

Shreyasee Das

Temple University

Shatanjaya Dasgupta

Beloit College - Department of Economics and Management

Date Written: July 31, 2018

Abstract

With increasing occurrences of natural disasters globally, there is a need to study their demographic effects both in the short- and long-run. In the backdrop of the 2001 Gujarat earthquake that resulted in over 20,000 casualties and large-scale loss of property, this paper analyzes marriage market responses in the event of a natural disaster. Using the 2004-05 round of the India Human Development Survey and employing a difference-in-differences strategy, we find a statistically significant reduction in women's marriage age, a lower probability of marital matches within the same villages, a decrease in spousal educational difference and probability of marrying a husband with more education, and an increased likelihood of women marrying into poorer households. Additionally, we discuss how our results could be affected by several channels and provide empirical evidence on changes in dowry payments as a potential mechanism.

Keywords: Marriage; India; Gujarat Earthquake

JEL Classification: J12; J16; O53

Suggested Citation

Das, Shreyasee and Dasgupta, Shatanjaya, Marriage Market Responses in the Wake of a Natural Disaster in India (July 31, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3266117 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3266117

Shreyasee Das (Contact Author)

Temple University ( email )

Philadelphia, PA 19122
United States

Shatanjaya Dasgupta

Beloit College - Department of Economics and Management ( email )

Beloit, WI 53511
United States

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