The Interplay of Competition and Cooperation

Strategic Management Journal, 39(12), 3033-3052

Bocconi University Management Research Paper No. 2018/4

39 Pages Posted: 26 Nov 2018 Last revised: 27 Nov 2018

See all articles by Werner H. Hoffmann

Werner H. Hoffmann

Vienna University of Economics and Business

Dovev Lavie

Bocconi University - Department of Management and Technology

Jeffrey Reuer

University of Colorado at Boulder

Andrew V. Shipilov

INSEAD

Date Written: October 1, 2018

Abstract

Research streams on competition and cooperation are central to the field of strategic management but have evolved independently. The emerging literature on coopetition has brought attention to the phenomenon of simultaneous competition and cooperation, yet the interplay between the two has remained under-researched. We offer a roadmap for studying this interplay, which identifies some of its antecedents and consequences, highlights debates concerning the nature of competition and cooperation and the association between the two, and directs attention to the tension between competition and cooperation and the alternative approaches for managing this tension. We discuss the broader implications of the interplay, note some intriguing open questions, offer directions for future research, and present an organizing framework for the interplay of competition and cooperation.

Keywords: Competition, Cooperation, Coopetition, Alliance, Rivalry

Suggested Citation

Hoffmann, Werner H. and Lavie, Dovev and Reuer, Jeffrey and Shipilov, Andrew V., The Interplay of Competition and Cooperation (October 1, 2018). Strategic Management Journal, 39(12), 3033-3052; Bocconi University Management Research Paper No. 2018/4. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3266468

Werner H. Hoffmann

Vienna University of Economics and Business ( email )

Welthandelsplatz 1
Vienna, Wien 1020
Austria
+43-1-31336-4566 (Phone)

Dovev Lavie (Contact Author)

Bocconi University - Department of Management and Technology ( email )

Via Roentgen 1
Milan, MI 20136
Italy

Jeffrey Reuer

University of Colorado at Boulder ( email )

1070 Edinboro Drive
Boulder, CO 80309
United States

Andrew V. Shipilov

INSEAD ( email )

Boulevard de Constance
77305 Fontainebleau
France

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