May the Force Be With You: Investor Power and Company Valuations
60 Pages Posted: 7 Nov 2018 Last revised: 20 Oct 2020
Date Written: October 13, 2020
This paper re-examines the role of investor power in a model of staged equity financing. It shows how the usual effect where market power reduces valuations can be reversed in later rounds. Once they become insiders, powerful investors may use their market power to increase, not decrease valuations. Even though powerful investors initially lower valuations, companies prefer to bring them inside, to leverage their power in later financing rounds. The paper generates novel predictions about valuations and investor returns. It also explains why unrealized interim returns can be fundamentally misleading.
Keywords: Staged Financing, Valuation, Inside Investor, Market Power
JEL Classification: G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation