Monopolistic Competition, Increasing Returns, and the Effects of Government Spending
JOURNAL OF MONEY, CREDIT, AND BANKING, Vol. 28, No. 2, May 1996
Posted: 22 Apr 1998
The dynamic effects of government spending are considered in a general equilibrium model with monopolistic competition and increasing returns. In the economy, changes in the level of government spending endogenously raise total factor productivity, even though the spending itself is entirely wasteful. This leads to several results which contrast with the effects of government spending policies in environments with constant returns. A permanent increase in government spending increases the steady-state wage and may increase steady-state consumption. Also, regardless of its persistence, a temporary shock to government spending may simultaneously raise output, investment, the real wage, and consumption.
JEL Classification: C68, E6
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation