The Due Diligence Obligations of International Organisations Engaged in Disaster Management
International Conflict and Security Law, Forthcoming
21 Pages Posted: 9 Nov 2018
Date Written: October 16, 2018
Although international organisations (IOs) play a pivotal disaster management role in the global arena, this is often not accompanied by appropriate levels of accountability and responsibility, especially in circumstances when their involvement further aggravates rather than alleviates the effects of an actual or impeding disaster. This chapter examines these important issues through the lens of due diligence, an open-ended and flexible concept that is generally under-utilised and has been overlooked also in this area. Following the introductory section which establishes the context, the second part explores the concept and sources of due diligence obligations for IOs, which are then illustrated by three case studies involving the UN in the third part of the chapter. The chapter then examines the relevance of these due diligence obligations in relation to regional organisations (EU) and specialised agencies that have responsibilities for dealing with specific types of crisis.
Keywords: International Organisations, due diligence, disasters, accountability, responsibility, victims, remedies, Haiti, Kosovo, Bangladesh, Fukushima, Ebola
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