Quantifying the Model Risk Inherent in the Calibration and Recalibration of Option Pricing Models
16 Pages Posted: 11 Nov 2018
Date Written: October 19, 2018
We focus on two particular aspects of model risk: the inability of a chosen model to fit observed market prices at a given point in time (calibration error) and the model risk due to recalibration of model parameters (in contradiction to the model assumptions). In this context, we follow the approach of Glasserman and Xu (2014) to use relative entropy as a pre-metric in order to quantify these two sources of model risk in a common framework, and consider the trade-offs between them when choosing a model and the frequency with which to recalibrate to the market. We illustrate this approach applied to the models of Black and Scholes (1973) and Heston (1993), using option data for Apple (AAPL) and Google (GOOG). We find that recalibrating a model more frequently simply shifts model risk from one type to another, without any substantial reduction of aggregate model risk. Furthermore, moving to a more complicated stochastic model is seen to be counterproductive if one requires a high degree of robustness, for example as quantified by a 99% quantile of aggregate model risk.
Keywords: Model Risk, Relative Entropy, Option Pricing, Model Calibration, Model Recalibration, Stochastic Volatility
JEL Classification: G11, G13, C10
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