Unpacking the Disruption Process: New Technology, Business Models, and Incumbent Adaptation
37 Pages Posted: 19 Oct 2018
Date Written: November 2018
Despite the growing importance of digital transformation and the notion of disruptive innovation, strategy literature still lacks a more complete picture of how incumbent organizations adapt their business models after disruptions. This research sheds light on this important process by analyzing a major Italian news media publisher reacting to the advent of the internet and the emergence of new business models by entrants into the industry (1995–2017). We specifically examine: (1) the drivers and impeding factors of business model adaptation; (2) how incumbents change strategies to cope with different components of the disruption process; and (3) how a closed business model can be renewed to develop an open, platform‐based business model to seize external opportunities, incur lower costs, and fend off disruptors. This study contributes to the burgeoning literature on disruption, business models, and platforms.
Keywords: digital platforms, disruptive innovation, incumbent adaptation, open business models, value creation and capture
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation