How Does Poverty Differ Among Refugees? Taking a Gender Lens to the Data on Syrian Refugees in Jordan

40 Pages Posted: 19 Oct 2018 Last revised: 20 Oct 2018

See all articles by Lucia Hanmer

Lucia Hanmer

World Bank

Diana Jimena Arango

World Bank

Eliana Carolina Rubiano Matulevich

World Bank

Julieth Andrea Santamaria Bonilla

Independent; Independent

Mariana Viollaz

Universidad Nacional de La Plata - Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)

Date Written: October 17, 2018

Abstract

Data collected for refugee registration and to target humanitarian assistance include information about household composition and demographics that can be used to identify gender-based vulnerabilities. This paper combines the microdata collected by United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees to register refugees with data from its Home Visit surveys to analyze income poverty rates among refugees with a gender lens. It finds distinguishing between different types of male and female principal applicant (PA) households is important in the setting of Syrian refugees in Jordan. Poverty rates for couples with children do not differ by gender of the PA but for other household types poverty rates are higher for those with female PAs. Households formed because of the unpredictable dynamics of forced displacement, such as sibling households, unaccompanied children, and single caregivers, are extremely vulnerable, especially if the principal applicant is a woman or a girl.

Keywords: Inequality, Gender and Development, Economics and Gender, Gender and Economic Policy, Gender and Poverty, Gender and Economics, Educational Sciences, Social Cohesion

Suggested Citation

Hanmer, Lucia and Arango, Diana Jimena and Rubiano Matulevich, Eliana Carolina and Santamaria Bonilla, Julieth Andrea and Viollaz, Mariana, How Does Poverty Differ Among Refugees? Taking a Gender Lens to the Data on Syrian Refugees in Jordan (October 17, 2018). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 8616, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3269011

Lucia Hanmer (Contact Author)

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Diana Jimena Arango

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Eliana Carolina Rubiano Matulevich

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Independent

Mariana Viollaz

Universidad Nacional de La Plata - Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS) ( email )

Calle 6 e/47 y 48
La Plata, Provincia de Buenos Aires 1900
Argentina

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