More Knowledge, More Experience, Less Debt? The Mediating Role of Money Management on the Effects of Financial Knowledge and Experience on Consumer Debt
14 Pages Posted: 10 Nov 2018
Date Written: July 1, 2018
The present study aims to serve two major purposes. The first purpose is to examine whether individuals with better financial knowledge and experience are less likely to be indebted. The second purpose is to examine whether money management acts as a mediator between the influences of financial knowledge and financial experience on consumer debt. Data were collected from questionnaire survey of 440 individuals at working age in Bangkok. Results from regression analysis indicated that individuals who have better financial knowledge and experience do not have less debt. Financial knowledge has insignificant direct impact on consumer debt, while financial experience is associated with higher debt. Financial experience reduces fear and caution when using credit, hence lead to more debt. In addition, when testing the mediating effects of money management, findings revealed that money management does not mediate the influence of financial knowledge on debt, but it mediates the effect of financial experience on debt. Individuals, who can manage their money well, have lower debt, regardless of financial knowledge. Individual who can use their financial experience to better manage their money have lower debt. This study shed lights on policy implementation in reducing debt problem. Financial education that emphasizes only on numeric calculation and mathematic formula may not sufficient to reduce debt burden problem. Policies should aim at shaping consumers’ money management behavior, particularly the behaviors in managing their cash, expenditure, budget, saving, credit, and insurance to reduce their debt burden problems.
Keywords: Financial Knowledge, Financial Experience, Money Management, Debt
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