Recent Movements in the Euro Exchange Rate and the Impact on Inflation in the Spanish Economy
ECONOMIC BULLETIN 4/2018
8 Pages Posted: 23 Oct 2018
Date Written: October 04, 2018
The effect of the euro exchange rate on inflation has taken on significant importance recently, with the application of the ECB’s expansionary monetary policy measures having coincided with episodes of euro appreciation, such as that observed between the second half of 2017 and early 2018, which tend to exert downward pressure on imported prices. This article analyses the factors behind the fluctuations in the euro exchange rate against the dollar during the recent period, and finds that this appreciation may have largely been due to the higher relative growth of the euro area, compatible with a pick-up in expected euro area inflation. However, the subsequent depreciation, since February 2018, might reflect factors related to changes in the relative confidence of financial markets to the detriment of the euro, and to the lower relative growth of the euro area compared with the United States. Further, it is documented how the pass-through of exchange rate movements to overall consumer-price inflation in the Spanish economy has increased slightly in recent years, owing mainly to the energy component, while core inflation remains much less sensitive to exchange rate changes.
Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, structural VAR model, time-varying parameters models
JEL Classification: E31, F3, F41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation